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Article Series
"Real Voices" No.9 Nepal

Connecting the World! Teachers' Network News
Real Voices of iEARN Teachers Around the World
The year 2023 marks the 20th anniversary of JEARN established as an official NPO in Japan.
To celebrate this memorial year, J
EARN launched a monthly interview series "Real Voices" to deliver the real voices of iEARN teachers from around the world. Each article introduces school systems of each country and region, daily efforts of teachers and staff, and the development of students for global competence and citizenship.

Parents Teachers Sharing Meeting, which serves as a platform for our parents to interact with the teachers regarding their concern to the children.

Nawaraj Baskota

iEARN Teacher

Kavya School, Kathmandu,


Mr. Nawaraj Baskota from Nepal
What school or organization are you working at? If you are a teacher, how many years of experience do you have as a teacher?
I am working at Kavya School. ( I am now working as the principal and as well as an English language teacher. I have been teaching for the last 30 years.
Could you please tell us more about your school? Is it a public school or private one? Which do you think makes it unique and different from other schools in Nepal?
Kavya is a coeducational day and boarding school for grades I to XII. We welcome and enroll students of all faiths, races, and backgrounds, and offer various need-based scholarships each year. We have small class size which enables staff to build strong relationship with the children, know their families well and work teachers and parents together as a team for the benefit of the children in our care. Each child is fully supported at each stage of learning.
Grade 4 visit to Bhakutapur Durdar Square, a former royal palace complex located in Bhaktapur, Nepal.
We are guided by "Parents in school" and "Teachers at Home" principle where staff, teachers, students and parents work together in a safe, caring and tolerant community to provide holistic environment with respect and dignity. This enables the students to achieve emotional, social, physical, moral and spiritual development. In this partnership, Kavya focuses on integrity in technology, skills and value to teamwork in diversified community incorporating local brains with global ideas. All members of the school community will model the behaviors expected from the students. In doing this, the school will be a centre of excellence at the forefront of education, community development and environment awareness.
How many students are in your class?
There are 30 students in my class.
What is the compulsory education system in your country? At what age does compulsory education start and end? When does the school year start and end in your country?
Basic level education from 6 to 14 years of age is made compulsory in Nepal as a rule. But there are a lot children out of the school and drop out ratio is higher as the grades go up.

We follow a different calendar and now it’s the 2nd month of 2080. Our school starts from the first month of the year and ends at the 12th month of the year. It’s almost April in English Calendar.

Could you elaborate on the school calendar in Nepal? How is the school year divided into terms? Are there seasonal breaks?
We do follow a different calendar and according to it we are in 2080 Bikram Sambat now. And today’s date, 2023-07-30, is 2080–03-15 in our Calendar. Our school ends at the 12th month of the year and starts from the 1st month of the year. We do have short term breaks after every term examination. We have four terminal examinations in my school but it may differ in other schools. There are major two major examinations in public schools; half yearly and final.  

There are basic level examination as a final board examination at the end of grade 8 and National Level Final Examination at the end of Grade 10. It’s called SEE (Secondary Education Examination).

Students must pass these examinations to get admission in the upper level.

Bikram Samvat B.S. and also known as the Vikrami calendar, is a Hindu calendar. Bikram Samvat is generally 57 years ahead of Gregorian Calendar, except during January to April, when it is ahead by 56 years. The traditional Vikram Samvat calendar, as used in Nepal, uses Lunar months and Solar Sidereal Years.
At what age do your students start learning English? Do they enjoy studying English as a subject? What are some of the challenges in English language education in Nepal?
Our students start learning English from the age of three in the private schools and Montessori Pre - schools. But in Public Schools the English as a second Language is taught from Grade – 4 (age 10) onwards. In the cities there is no problem as such in teaching Learning English as Second Language but in the rural or remote areas the main problem is lack of qualified teachers, lack of audio visual aids and reading Materials.

After completing the basic level of the compulsory education, what percentage of students advance to the next level? Do they typically enter vocational schools, middle schools, or higher educational institutions?
After the basic level of compulsory education, the drop out ratio is very high in Nepal especially in the rural areas as the students have to support the family and start working to cope with the extreme poverty.
In the city areas the drop out ratio is very low.
Some of the students join the vocational schools and majority of the students go for higher studies. The biggest problem now is students want to go for abroad studies in the universities of the developed countries. Only few of them come back to Nepal.

Students engaged in various activities to learn about our traditional village activities.

How many years of experience do you have in iEARN? What iEARN projects have you done with your students?
I have been with iEARN for the last 17 years. We have been doing many projects like NDYS, Early People’s Symbol, Learning Circles or other as well.

Which project did your students enjoy the most, and why? Which project was the most memorable, and why?
We have been working in various projects like Early People’s Symbols, Learning Circles, NDYs, My Hero, and Your school My school. Our students enjoyed NDYS, and Early People’s Symbols the most. However, they are very much interested in all the projects they have been doing every year.  

Has the COVID-19 pandemic affected your school or your students? Were there any major changes?
The pandemic greatly affected us. It also gave us an opportunity to go virtual and connected us more in technology than ever.

Regarding the use of ICT, is One-to-One PC being done in your school? Do your students take those devices home? Do you use them for online classes?
We have been trying to make one to one PC in a lab. We have 30 PCs of desktop computers in our lab and  they are used in a routine by all 500 students. In one class there are 30 students and all 30 computers are shared. They can’t take them home. Some of the students use laptops and some use smartphones at home.

How are the PCs used in class? In which subjects do students use the PC? Is Wi-Fi available in the classroom? Do students access the internet and communicate with others outside the school?
We only have PCs in the computer lab. Our students use them there. Most of the students in my school have lap top or PCs at home as well. But the students in remote schools have no access. They don’t have PC nor laptop. We do have Wi-Fi in the school.  

Could you give any messages to teachers in Japan?
We are happy to work with you and would like to do some students exchange program so that students learn more about two countries, culture and facilities in education.  

The iEARN Teacher interviews are part of a series of articles by JEARN entitled "Connecting The World! Teachers Network News" starting with the January 2023 issue in a Japanese monthly magazine for educators, Cresco (Otsuki Shoten Publishers here).

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